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publicado em 19/09/2011 às 13h40:00
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Alcoholic beverages increase about 50% hospitalization for cirrhosis in SP

In 2007, a total of about 2,100 people with the problem and the estimate for this year is more than 3000 patients

 
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Hospital admissions for liver cirrhosis caused by alcohol consumption increased by almost 50% in the last five years in hospitals in the state of São Paulo. In 2007, a total of about 2,100 people with the problem and the estimate for this year is more than 3000 patients. Data are from the Liver Transplant Hospital of São Paulo.

According to the service coordinator, Dr. Carlos Bay, the survey indicates that people began to drink more alcohol. The amount of alcohol to cause cirrhosis varies from case to case. Generally people are quantities that can find small as four or five shots of hard liquor a day, if consumed daily for ten years.

Alcohol inflames and gradually destroys the liver cells which, over time, will now be taken by small scars, and has harmed its operations. It is estimated that around 15% of alcoholics reach this stage in a period between ten and 15 years of dependence.

"One of the characteristics of alcohol is to induce tolerance and a person needs increasing amounts to feel the same effect of initial relaxation, says the doctor.

The complications of the disease can occur slowly and trigger the accumulation of water in the belly, leg swelling, confusion, and even the development of liver cancer and gastrointestinal hemorrhages.

Bay points out that liver transplantation is only indicated in very severe cases, when the patient is already with the vital functions of the body completely compromised. According to the Transplant Hospital, alcoholics account for about 15% of people who are on the waiting list.

The percentage is low because there are mechanisms to restrict the entry of these people on the list. You do not do transplants in a person who has high risk of returning to drinking, the doctor says. To get into the transplant waiting list, the person must be at least six months without consuming alcohol.

Viral hepatitis, especially type C, also trigger liver cirrhosis. The doctor drives people to perform the test with laboratory blood test. Prevention is always the best choice. Hepatitis C, for example, is a silent disease and the fight is easier if the diagnosis is early, explains the hepatologist.

Source: AGÊNCIA BRASIL
   Palavras-chave:   Liver cirrhosis    Alcoholism    Transplantation    São Paulo    Hepatology   
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