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publicado em 15/09/2011 às 01h08:00
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WHO maps trends of noncommunicable diseases in all countries

WHO report shows the profiles of national trends of noncommunicable diseases in 193 countries

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A new WHO report presents information on the situation of non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in 193 countries, as world leaders prepare to meet at the summit of the United Nations on non-communicable diseases in New York, 19 to 20 September 2011.

"This report indicates where each government needs to concentrate to prevent and treat the four leading causes of death: cancer, heart disease, stroke, lung disease and diabetes," said Ala Alwan, deputy director general of Diseases Noncommunicable and Mental Health at WHO.

The report includes details about the proportion of deaths in each country are due to noncommunicable diseases. The use of graphics in a presentation format with a page for each country, the report provides information on the prevalence, trends in metabolic risk factors (cholesterol, blood pressure, body mass index and blood sugar), together with data on the country's ability to fight disease.

Noncommunicable diseases are the leading cause of death in the world, having killed more than 36 million people in 2008. Cardiovascular diseases accounted for 48% of these deaths, 21% of all cancers, 12% of chronic respiratory diseases and 3% of diabetes.

"Premature" deaths

In 2008, more than nine million of all deaths attributed to noncommunicable diseases occur in individuals younger than 60 years, 90% of these "premature" deaths occurred in low and middle income. One of the results shows that men and women in low-income countries are about three times more likely to die of non-communicable diseases before the age of sixty than those of high-income countries.

According to these estimates, the proportion of men who died before 60 years for non-communicable diseases may reach 67%. Among women younger than 60 years, the highest proportion was 58%.

The lowest rates of non-communicable disease mortality for men younger than 60 years were 8% and for women under 60 years was 6%.

Risk factors

The report profiles the proportion of people who smoke and are physically inactive. They also indicate the trends for four factors that increase the risk that people have of developing these diseases, blood pressure, cholesterol, body mass index and blood sugar over the past 30 years.

In the United States, for example, 87% of deaths are due to noncommunicable diseases. Smokers account for 16% of the population and 43% are physically inactive. On average, blood pressure decreased since 1980, increased body mass index and glucose levels increased.

Overall, trends indicate that in many high-income countries, action to reduce blood pressure and cholesterol are having an impact, but there is a need to do more in the management of body mass index and diabetes.

Capacity of countries to prevent and treat non-communicable diseases

The profiles show what countries are doing to combat non-communicable diseases in terms of institutional capacity, funding specified, and actions to address the four main diseases and their risk factors.

The report also highlights that all countries need to do to reduce people's exposure to risk factors and improve services to prevent and treat noncommunicable diseases.

UN summit on non-communicable diseases

The UN meeting will highlight the importance of setting targets for progress. This report gives all countries a standard for the monitoring of epidemiological trends and to assess the progress they are making to deal with noncommunicable diseases. WHO plans to issue an updated report in 2013.

   Palavras-chave:   United Nations    WHO    Noncommunicable diseases    Cancer    Heart disease    Stroke   
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