publicado em 13/09/2011 às 17h24:00
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UN warns of increasing use of synthetic drugs in the world

Survey of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime found a strong increase in world consumption of amphetamines

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Foto: EFE/Arquivo
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The UN announced on Tuesday (13) that synthetic drugs such as ecstasy and methamphetamine, are the second most consumed drug in the world, a growing threat to the health and stability.

"While the consumer market for heroin, cocaine and marijuana remained stable between 2005 and 2009, the stimulant amphetamine were clearly increased," says the report the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC).

The UN recognizes that it is very difficult to control the movement and sale of such drugs, since its manufacture depends solely on chemicals. In addition, they can be manipulated in any place and at low cost.

On synthetic drugs there is no exact numbers of consumers. However, depending on the details of the seizure, the UN ensures that 14 to 57 million people between 15 and 64 years have proven this type of narcotic in the last year.

By geographic area, amphetamines are stimulants commonly eaten in Southeast Asia and some Eastern European countries, although no region of the planet is immune to the consumer.

The report warns that the magnitude of the problem may be even greater, since countries like India and China still had no national estimates of consumption.

In Latin America, with the priority in combating cocaine, synthetic drugs are still not considered by authorities as "a significant threat," says the UN.

Brazil, Bolivia and Argentina are the countries that show a high rate of stimulant amphetamines, while Argentina leads the records in the consumption of ecstasy.

The organization says "concerned" about the increasing consumption of synthetic drugs among the youth of South America, giving the example of Argentina, who went from a rate of use among students from 0.2% in 2001 to 2.6% in 2009. The number of clandestine laboratories grew up in Argentina, Brazil, Guatemala and Nicaragua.

"The market for amphetamine stimulants no longer a home practice to become more similar to a market of heroin and cocaine, with greater integration with organized crime groups involved," warned the Russian Yuri Fedotov, director of UNODC.

In addition to the best-known substances such as amphetamines and ecstasy, the UN warns about the danger of new synthetic drugs, which are outside the international control and can be purchased through the internet with ease.

An example is mephedrone, substance marketed as fertilizer for plants and bath salts, although it is "very dangerous" health risk due to high level drug. In Europe, the drug has resulted in the deaths of many people, however, can still be found on the Internet and remains legal in many countries.

Source: EFE
   Palavras-chave:   UN    Synthetic drugs    Ecstasy    Methamphetamine    Amphetamines    Narcotics    Drugs    Report    United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime    UNODC   
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