Public Health
publicado em 16/03/2011 às 16h40:00
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Workers have a high prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders

Researchers at the Federal University of Bahia consulted 577 industry professionals from plastic Salvador

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In Brazil, the occurrence of musculoskeletal disorders in the active labor force is poorly known, despite the high financial and social costs generated and the possibility of temporary incapacity or disability retirement. In order to verify the occurrence of the problem among workers in the plastics industry, researchers at the Federal University of Bahia (UFBA) looked at 577 of these professionals Salvador and concluded: Considering all body segments, the prevalence was high: 50.1% , three times higher among women than among men in the distal upper extremities (34.6% and 11.6% respectively) and one and a half times in the neck, shoulder or upper back portion (27, 4% and 17.6%).

Studies on the prevalence of disturbances in the economically active population, with workers who supposedly has minor medical conditions which have not yet caused disability, can prevent progression of symptoms, the researchers explain in an article published in Journal of Public Health, Fiocruz. The differences between men and women point to the disease control policies that reflect the diversity of genres.

For research, we selected individuals who reported symptoms of pain in the last 12 months, lasting more than a week or monthly minimum frequency, causing restriction to work, seek medical care or were described with severity greater than or equal to three (on a scale of zero to five). In addition, musculoskeletal disorder was considered the occurrence of pain in one or more of these places: fingers, wrists, hands, forearms, elbows, neck, shoulders, upper and lower back, hips and thighs, knees, legs and ankles.

There was no difference between genders in the prevalence of low back pain (21.2% for females and 21.4% for men) and 65% of cases in this region had pain in the last seven days, the researchers comment. Working in pain is a difficult situation that requires urgent control measures. Due to the importance and prevalence of musculoskeletal disorders, it is necessary for its measurement is done properly, in epidemiological studies. "

   Palavras-chave:   Musculoskeletal disorders    Labor    Industry    Plastic    UFBA   
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