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publicado em 10/01/2011 às 11h30:00
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Ten million deaths and one million HIV infections could be prevented

According to UN AIDS agency, the ideas could dramatically reduce the number of deaths related to disease

 
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According to the Joint United Nations Programme on HIV / AIDS, young people are leading the revolution in the field of prevention. In 15 of the countries most affected by AIDS, HIV prevalence declined by 25% in this population group

The Prospects report of UNAIDS released in July shows a project on AIDS, called the Treatment 2.0. According to UNAIDS, the ideas could dramatically reduce the number of deaths related to disease as well as new infections.

Through a combined effort could reduce the costs of treating the disease, making them more simple and intelligent, lessen the burden on health systems and improve the quality of life of people living with HIV and families of these citizens . Studies suggest that, compared with current approaches, treatment could prevent 2.0 million deaths in October 2025.

Moreover, this new approach could reduce the number of new HIV infections in more than one million each year if countries provide antiretroviral therapy to all those in need, in line with the treatment guidelines of the World Health Organization currently 15 million people need treatment, but only five have access to lifesaving medicines.

For that project objectives are achieved in 2.0 Treatment, UNAIDS cites some progress is needed in the world:

- Create better drugs with less toxicity and easier to use. Also use the fastest ways to be able to detect and diagnose new HIV infections;

- Increasing access to antiretroviral drugs to all who need drug treatments. People who use drugs are less likely to transmit the virus, that is, the more people treated, the lower the risk of infection;

- Reduce the costs of financial assistance and medicines to HIV patients;

- Encourage more people to perform testing for HIV;

- Involve communities more in issues related to the AIDS epidemic.

Young people lead the revolution of prevention

A new study by UNAIDS shows that youths are leading the revolution in HIV prevention. The prevalence of HIV in this population decreased by over 25% in 15 of the 25 countries most affected by AIDS.

In eight countries - Ivory Coast, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Namibia, United Republic of Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe - were significant declines in HIV prevalence have been accompanied by positive changes in sexual behavior among youth.

For example, in Kenya, there was a 60% decline in HIV prevalence between 2000 and 2005. Similarly, in Ethiopia there was a 47% reduction among young pregnant women in urban areas and a change of 29% in rural areas.

Young people in 13 countries, including Cameroon, Ethiopia and Malawi, are waiting longer to become sexually active. And the use of condoms during sexual intercourse increased among them, according to UNAIDS.

Source: AGENCIA AIDS
   Palavras-chave:   AIDS    HIV    Treatment    2.0    UNAIDS    UN   
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