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publicado em 01/12/2010 às 19h00:00
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On World AIDS Day, Fiocruz is mobilized in the fight against disease

Between 1 and 3 December will occur prevention and awareness activities, including testing for diagnosis

 
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Foto: Divulgação/Fiocruz
The Brazilian program against AIDS is a global benchmark and distributes free condoms and medicine to the people
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The Brazilian program against AIDS is a global benchmark and distributes free condoms and medicine to the people

On World Day to Combat AIDS (1 / 12), the Institute of Technology in Immunobiology (Biomanguinhos), Fiocruz unit responsible for production of vaccines, reagents and biopharmaceutical products, promotes the action is Knowing, a partnership achieved since 2008 with Department of STD, AIDS and Viral Hepatitis (D-DST/Aids) of the Ministry of Health (MOH). Between 1 and 3 December will occur prevention and awareness activities, including testing for diagnosis of HIV and condom distribution.

The nearly 6,000 employees of the Foundation (Manguinhos campus) may make testing free from 9 am to 15h in the Center for Occupational Health (Nust), in Hall Carlos Augusto da Silva, where you can also learn about prevention while awaiting the outcome. Being positive the employee will be forwarded to the Research Institute Evandro Chagas (IPEC / Fiocruz).

To expedite service and exceed the amount of samples taken during the action last year, will use the Rapid Test HIV-1 / 2, Bio-Manguinhos. This is a kit for screening for single use (not confirmatory) exempting laboratory infrastructure and can be used to diagnose the disease in areas of difficult access, cases of vertical transmission (from mother to baby) and in accidents. The result comes out in just 15 minutes and its margin of error is minimal. Employees of the Center for Occupational Health Fiocruz and also the Center for Occupational Health of Biomanguinhos will be trained between 29 and 30 November by agents of D-DST/Aids to increase the effective professionals in action.

Conceived to foster the completion of testing, the action is Knowing is an incentive program from MS for people to be aware of the importance of taking the exam in order to prevent the spread and worsening of the disease. Since 2004, Biomanguinhos has delivered more than 4.3 million Rapid Tests for D-DST/Aids.

<b> Biomanguinhos: diagnosis and prevention of disease </ b>

The diagnostic products developed by Biomanguinhos meet control programs for endemic diseases and disorders of the Health Surveillance Secretariat and the Department of STD, AIDS and Viral Hepatitis, MS. Specifically for HIV unit invests in innovative solutions that already represent great progress in the diagnosis of this disease. To prove the result of the rapid test, Biomanguinhos will produce in 2011, the confirmatory test for HIV-1 / 2, in addition to replacing currently used with advantage, it takes at least a day to provide the result, has a cost five times less. The record was provided by the Surveillance Agency (Anvisa) in September.

The kits of reagents for diagnostic Biomanguinhos integrate programs of public health surveillance, control of diseases and epidemics. The products expand people's access to examinations and contributes to the early detection of diseases such as Chagas disease, leptospirosis, canine leishmaniasis, HIV, schistosomiasis and other parasitic diseases. They also offer some advantages over conventional tests such as sensitivity level of 10 to 50 times higher, use of minimal sample volumes and adaptation to different types of body fluids such as blood, serum, plasma, saliva, feces and urine.

AIDS in Brazil

AIDS, a disease that manifests in the body after infection by human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, the acronym in English) has been identified in Brazil for almost 30 years. The first case was reported in 1982 in Sao Paulo. According to data from MS in 1987, there were 2,775 cases of the disease in the country. In this context, a team of researchers from the Oswaldo Cruz Institute (IOC / Fiocruz), led by immunologist Bernardo Galvão, isolated for the first time in Latin America HIV-1, giving visibility to the national survey and the work of Fiocruz.

After more than two decades, the National Programme is a global reference and distributes free condoms and medicine to the population. The Institute of Pharmaceutical Technology (Farmanguinhos / Fiocruz) atirretrovirais provides drugs for AIDS, there are networks of monitoring the resistance of patients to therapy to ensure treatment efficacy and increased survival of people living with HIV / AIDS, and studies are made for develop vaccines and new treatment regimens. According to the Ministry of Health, an estimated 630 000 people are living with HIV / AIDS in Brazil today. In 85% of the municipalities would have at least one case.

Source: FIOCRUZ
   Palavras-chave:   AIDS    HIV    World AIDS Day    Mobilization    Fiocruz   
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