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Municipality of PM registers 77.5% incidence of leishmaniasis in men

In the period 2005 to 2009 in Tabatinga, were identified in all 49 cases, and of these 22.5% were women

 
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A search in the Amazon found that in Tabatinga, 1108 km from Manaus, the majority of cases of leishmaniasis (MCL) occurred among men, with 77.5% of the records of the Municipal Health Department of that county. In the period 2005 to 2009, were identified in all 49 cases, and of these 22.5% were women.

The data are part of the work entitled Retrospective study of human cases of leishmaniasis (ACL) in the city of Tabatinga (Amazonas), a tri-border region, conducted by nurse Fabiane Smith, a graduate student of the Graduate Program in Science Health, Federal University of Amazonas (Ufam).

"The goal of this research was to analyze data from human cases of leishmaniasis (ACL) in the city of Tabatinga, AM, and thereby contribute information that will lead to a better understanding or appropriateness of actions in public policy and education health, "he said.

According to the study of all age groups, the highest percentage of occurrence of ACL occurred that corresponded to greater activity at work: between 16 and 29 years (38.7%).

Occupational activity of patients more often focused on agriculture (37.5%). Other groups which have been subsequent prevalence students and military, both with 25%. The analyzed data show that the majority of cases (97.9%) is only skin, whereas only 1 case (2.1%) had mucocutaneous lesions (most feared form of cutaneous leishmaniasis because it produces destructive lesions).

With funding from the Support Program Participation in Events Science and Technology (Pape) Foundation for Research Support of the State of Amazonas (FAPEAM), the study will be presented at the 26th Annual Meeting of the Brazilian Society of Protozoology and 37th Annual Meeting of Basic search in Chagas Disease, in Foz do Iguaçu, Paraná, Brazil, 25-27 October.

According to Smith, the border areas are places of social networks from different backgrounds and this makes them much more susceptible, losing actions in health. "For this reason, this kind of work will contribute to a better understanding of the factors that influence the endemics in the state and the suffering that influence the environment," he said.

Analysis

During data analysis, the researcher initiated contacts with the Municipal Health Department, the city of Tabatinga to permit access to the Database of epidemiological surveillance, which concentrates the amount and distribution of the phenomena of health and disease in the municipality. Another step was held for her approval of the Research Ethics Committee, as information from the research involved human beings.

The American cutaneous leishmaniasis, commonly known by the names: Bauru ulcer, tapir nose and sore hips, is characterized by presenting painless sores on the skin or mucous membranes of the affected individual. It is caused by protozoa of the genus Leishmania, such as L. braziliensis, L. guyanensis and L. amazonensis: parasites of vertebrate mammals.

Female mosquitoes of the genus Lutzomyia are the vectors. Those of small size (smaller than mosquitoes) may also be called mosquito-straw birigui, cangalhinha, Berer, white wing or wing hard. They live in damp and dark, preferring areas where there is an accumulation of organic waste, and move by short flights and stilted.

The disease is endemic in the Amazon, but has occurred in several regions of the world, not restricted to forests, but also present in urban environments, due to the destruction of native vegetation cover.

About Pape

The Support Program Participation in Science and Technology Events (Pape) is to assist with airfares, researchers and graduate students or post-graduate students to submit papers in scientific and technological national and internacionais.Edital available on the Fapeam .

Source: FAPEAM
   Palavras-chave:   Leishmaniasis    Tabatinga    LTA    Amazonas    Ufam   
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