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publicado em 31/08/2010 às 22h00:00
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Northeast reduces rates of child malnutrition, the IBGE survey shows

A survey released by the IBGE confirms progress in fighting malnutrition, but warns against rapid growth of obesity

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Figures released by the IBGE show that the marked reduction of malnutrition in all income ranges and in all regions of the country. According to the Household Budget Survey (POF 2008-2009), funded by the Ministry and released by the IBGE said on Friday (27), the Northeast is the territory that most reduced the rates of child malnutrition, reaching percentages close to those of Southeast and the Midwest, which historically had lower rates.

If the trend is maintained, the problem of chronic malnutrition, which is measured by the height deficit in children, will be overcome in the next decade. Malnutrition drops rapidly in the country thanks to social programs and the practice of family health guide for food standards, said Health Minister Jose Gomes, the launch of the search results. The recent World Congress on Obesity, which brought together leading experts from Europe in this area, noted that two countries are at the forefront of policies to cope with this situation: England and Brazil, he added.

The exceptional decline in the problem of malnutrition in this decade is associated with improvements in the purchasing power of families with lower income, with the recovery of minimum wages and to complement the family income, the increase in the education of mothers, the universalisation of elementary education and extension coverage of basic health services and sanitation. However, the results of POF strengthens warning on one of the main concerns about the health of the population: the accelerated growth of obesity in all age groups.

The Brazilian population has improved a lot in relation to malnutrition and low height. But on the other hand, is getting fatter, doing little physical activity, eating patterns are changing inappropriately, which lights the red light, said Temporão. According to HBS, half the adult population is overweight is considered ideal. The imbalance between caloric intake and use reveals a change in eating patterns of Brazilians, who are replacing traditional foods in industrialized countries.

"Families are spending more on meals away from home, including so-called fast food (fast food), fatty foods. Has less bean dish in Brazil, less salad, which ultimately contributes to overweight Brazilians," noted the minister.

Aware of this scenario, the federal government has been promoting measures aimed at promoting healthy eating in Brazil way to reverse this situation. This week, President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva signed a decree establishing the National Policy on Food Security to coordinate and integrate the various actions undertaken by the ministries, among them, the Health Policy's goal is to stimulate food intake healthy water. The National School Feeding Programme of the Ministry of Health is part of the policy and functions integrated into the local food production and family farming, which provides fruit and vegetables used in school meals.

   Palavras-chave:   Malnutrition    Inequality    Low height    IBGE    POF   
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