Public Health
24.05.2010

Four in ten Paulistas never assessed the level of blood sugar

Research shows that only 6% of São Paulo associate the excess sugar in the body to heart problems

Fotos: Divulgação DPGarcia Diabetes
Health professionals perform blood glucose testing in concert
Health professionals perform blood glucose testing in concert

Four in ten Paulistas never assessed the level of blood sugar, but 84% believe in the possibility of prevention. This was revealed by research commissioned SOCESP (Cardiology Society of São Paulo) within the National Day celebrations to Diabetes Control.

The Research SOCESP on cardiovascular risk factors, given by the Datafolha Institute, also shows that only 6% of São Paulo associate the excess sugar in the body to heart problems. It also reveals that the population of Sao Paulo State relies on the prevention of diabetes, but little more than half of respondents (58%) have measured the level of glucose in the body.

Diabetes ranks last among the risk factors cited behind smoking (31%), sedentary lifestyle and stress (19%), blood pressure (18%), alcoholism (17%), cholesterol (15%) and obesity ( 13%).

The lack of people worried the president of the Society of Cardiology, São Paulo, Ari Timerman. The risk of a heart attack for those who can not control the diabetes increased by 200%, and cause heart attacks and strokes. If the disease is associated with high blood pressure, obesity, high cholesterol, smoking or sedentary lifestyle risks are even greater, he says.

Lead researcher, Alvaro Avezum regrets this situation and says that this risk factor reduces life expectancy, greatly reduces the quality of life of people and generates astronomical expenditures for the government. The factor can be prevented, recognized and treated, however, but the population still unknown.

The study also showed that 77% of participants do not know the normal level of blood sugar in an adult. Only 11% mentioned the correct value (between 51 and 100 mg / dL), 2% quoted value less than 70 mg / dL and 11% said up to 101 mg / dL. The regions of Sao Jose do Rio Preto and Presidente Prudente Araçatuba showed the highest level of ignorance, with 80% of respondents did not know to answer the question. Avezum cites another factor that drew attention. The lower class, lower also knowledge. In class D / E 85% could not answer, as in Class C this number dropped to 77% and class A / B to 73%.

The metropolitan area is the least that makes the control of blood glucose. Only 56% have measured the level of sugar. Already on the coast and in the Paraíba Valley that number rises to 61%. According to the survey, people measure the glucose level on average every 1.1 years. Once again people with higher income and education are more aware.

The ideal is to make this assessment once a year for non-diabetic and two to three times a year for those who are diabetic or have with high blood glucose (dysglycemia or impaired glucose tolerance), explains Avezum.

The survey evaluated, too, that among those who have measured the rate of sugar in the body, 80% had normal levels, 15% said they changed and 3% could not answer. Only 26% knew that the ideal level is between 51 and 100 mg / dL. According to the coordinator of the study, some simple changes of habit can help prevent disease.

Diabetes can be prevented through healthy diet (low calorie, low-carbohydrate) and through physical activity of moderate intensity at least 3 times per week, lasting one hour each time, concludes Avezum.

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Source: SOCESP