Public Health

Brazil should have more than 576,000 new cases of cancer in 2014

Men should lead the list because of risk factors such as smoking, poor diet and alcohol

In 2014, Brazil should register 576 580 000 new cases of cancer, according to estimates released by the Ministry of Health on Wednesday (27), when it is remembered the National Day to Fight Cancer. Of the total, it is expected that 52% of cases are registered among men.

"The incidence in men should be bigger they are more exposed to risk factors such as smoking, poor diet and consumption of alcoholic beverages by," says Claudio Noronha, coordinator of Prevention and Surveillance of the National Cancer Institute (INCA).

The melanoma skin cancer is not the greatest incidence in both sexes, should affect 182,000 people.

Excluding the non-melanoma skin cancer, it is estimated that the largest number of cases of cancer in women is breast cancer, with 57,120 notifications. Among men, 68,800 are related to the prostate.

According to the survey, the cases in the colon and rectum should affect 15,070 men and 17,530 women, ranking third among them and second between them. According to the Health Minister, Alexandre Padilha, there is the possibility of creating a specific for this type of câncer.Com this estimate, we decided to create a committee of experts to discuss policy if it is not time to take early measures tracking the lower intestine, the minister explained.

While the estimates for cancers of the lung and stomach are 27 000 and 20 000 new cases, respectively. According to research, there is a downward trend of cases of lung in men and the cervix in women. In 2010, the calculations indicated 17,800 new cases of lung cancer in men, whereas the new forecast is 16,400, for 2014. The forecast for cervix was 18,430 new cases in 2010, and the current is 15,590.

"In relation to lung cancer that had a downward trend is directly linked to campaigns against tobacco, which shows the importance of prevention. Regarding the cervix has to do directly with the expansion of the Papanicolaou smear and treatment after the exam that prevents the development of cancer, "he said Padilla.

Most cases should be registered in the Southeast (299,730), followed by South (116 330). In the Northeast, the estimated 99 060 new cases, in the Midwest, 41,440 cases, and in the North, just over 20 thousand.

The emergence of cancer, according to the Ministry of Health, is directly related to the aging population, changes in food, little physical exercise and smoking. Cancer is the second leading cause of death in the country and the world, second only to cardiovascular disease. Cancer already kills today in Brazil three times more than the parasitic diseases, and four times more than traffic accidents. Must become a high priority for all public and private health services, said the minister.

The publication lists the 19 most common types of cancers in Brazil. The study is done by the Inca from the records of cases and cancer deaths between 2002 and 2011. The estimate is released every two years, with the aim of adjusting public policies in the area of ​​oncology. In the latest study, published in 2010, it was estimated that 520 000 new cases, but data from the period have not yet been consolidated.

In 2012, the Ministry of Health has implemented more than U.S. $ 2 billion in assistance to cancer patients, an increase of 26% compared to 2010.