Public Health

Chronic disease deaths increased 60% worldwide

According to WHO, 17 million people died in 2011 from heart disease, then are cancer, diabetes and diseases of the lung

Foto: UN Photo/Martine Perret
Smoking remains the leading cause of many of the world's most lethal diseases
Smoking remains the leading cause of many of the world's most lethal diseases

The World Health Organization (WHO) has updated the list of leading causes of death worldwide, with changes between 2000 and 2011. According to the agency, cardiovascular disease remains the number one cause of death, killing 17 million.

WHO emphasizes that every 10 deaths, three are by heart diseases. About 7 million people lost their lives because of ischemic cardiovascular diseases. Other 6.2 million died after a stroke.

Chronic diseases were responsible for two thirds of all deaths globally in 2011, an increase of 60% compared to 2000. The main ones are cardiovascular disease, cancer, diabetes and chronic lung diseases.

The lifting of the WHO stresses that cases of lung and trachea caused the death of 1.5 million people in 2011. Other 1.4 million died from complications of diabetes.

According to the agency, among the 10 leading causes of death are still diarrhea, AIDS, traffic accidents and premature births. Already TB off the list, but is still among the top 15 causes of death.

Almost 80% of chronic disease deaths occur in countries with low and middle incomes. But rich countries still have the highest proportion of deaths from these diseases, chronic diseases killed 87% of the population.

<b> smoke is even more deadly </ b>

Smoking remains the leading cause of many of the world's most lethal diseases. In total, one each died by 10 adult tobacco use.

On Monday, in Geneva, the Economic and Social Council of the United Nations adopted a resolution requesting the Secretary-General to create a task force on the prevention and control of chronic diseases.

The group will be led by WHO and shall coordinate the activities of all UN agencies for the implementation of the global plan of action against chronic diseases between 2013 and 2020.

The goal of the plan is 25% reduction in premature deaths from heart disease, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases.