Vaccines help reduce meningitis in 30% of cases in the country

The fall was 29% of Meningococcal Disease and Meningococcal, Pneumococcal 30% of the age group up to two years

Over the past two years, cases of meningitis were reduced in the country most frequent types. For meningococcal and pneumococcal meningitis, the fall was 29% and 30%, respectively. Cases of meningococcal registered rose from 770 in 2010 to 547 in 2011. Already a pneumococcal decreased from 284 to 200 during the same period.

The findings are part of Health Brazil 2011, publication of the Ministry of Health which is being presented at the 12th National Exhibition of Successful Experiences in Epidemiology, Disease Control and Prevention (Expoepi). The show runs until next Friday (19), the Ulysses GuimarĂ£es Convention Center in Brasilia (DF).

According to the study, the decrease in the incidences of children up to two years with bacterial meningitis is justified on preventive initiatives. Among the actions is the supply of vaccines against meningitis Neisseriameningitidis (meningococcus), Streptococcuspneumoniae (pneumococcus) and Haemophilusinfluenzae type b (Hib). All are part of the basic schedule of the National Immunization Program (NIP) and are offered in the Unified Health System (SUS).

<b> Disease </ b>

Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that surround the brain and spinal cord. It is a serious disease which may be caused by bacteria, viruses, parasites and fungi. Bacterial meningitis are clinically more severe and have a greater public health importance for its ability to cause outbreaks and epidemics. The main symptoms are high fever, severe headache and continuous vomiting, nausea, stiff neck and red spots on the skin. Transmission is by the respiratory route, and the incubation period ranges from two to 10 days.

Here's the basic schedule of child immunization.