Public Health
18.07.2012

Lack of support from the partner is the main influence on the decision for abortion

Public health policies for the care of women who have abortions do not develop due to the marginalization of the subject

The lack of support from the partner is the main influence on the decision for abortion, according to the dissertation Induced abortion: experience and meaning. A study based on the phenomenology of psychologist Cristina Borsari, held at the Faculty of Medicine, USP (USP). In addition, the researcher says that public health policies for the care of women who have abortions do not develop due to the marginalization of the subject. In the public health system we are standing on this issue Cristina says, stressing that the controversy over the issue has negative consequences for the psychological health of women.

Between 2008 and 2010, Cristina submitted a questionnaire to women who had admitted to two public hospitals in São Paulo for having undergone abortions, both spontaneous and provoked: the Hospital Municipal Dr. Moses Deutsch M Boi Mirim, in Jardim Angela and Sapopemba State Hospital in Garden Sapopemba.

Of the 100 women who completed the questionnaire, 11 admitted to having caused the interruption of pregnancy. According to psychologist, women who go into hospitals with signs of abortion often do not admit that this was caused in fear of reprisals and trials, because abortion is considered a crime in Brazil, with some exceptions in the case of anencephalic fetuses, risk of death to the mother or pregnant rape victims.

Women who had an abortion were encouraged to speak freely about the feelings experienced during the suspicion and confirmation of pregnancy, such as the support received, the feeling of guilt and self-concept about what is motherhood. All the women interviewed said they feel guilty about what did and reported fear of being punished by God, have some disease in the future or can not get pregnant whenever they want.

women coming into hospital with signs of abortion often do not admit that this was caused fear of reprisals and trials

<b> Trauma </ b>

Compared to women who suffered spontaneous abortion, these women have demonstrated in a quantitative evaluation of the questionnaire, lower family income, less educated and more negative feelings when they discovered the pregnancy. These women did not have jobs or even careers, so their function is required by society to be a mother. This identity is forged to replicate the behavior that often had their mothers, if they were generated when their mothers were teenagers become pregnant in adolescence. This reflects the decision by abortion because the woman does not recognize a family structure due to helplessness and suffering social exclusion. The parental identity is something socially constructed Cristina says with affection.

Women admitted that lack of support from friends was more decisive than economic difficulties in the choice to abort. What most surprised the researcher was the fact that interviewees are always alone, without the company of relatives or friends. In their testimonies, it was found that the participation of peers is minimal or nonexistent.

Cristina says that women are charged by society to demonstrate an innate instinct to be good mothers, but some are abandoned, without financial support, and especially emotional. Loneliness faced with termination of pregnancy can lead them to depression symptoms. Abortion is a traumatic event, and is something that women will carry with them the psychologist concludes.

Source: USP