Public Health

High blood pressure affects 25% of children and adolescents in São Paulo

Sodium is considered villain and experts recommend cutting soda, instant noodles, snacks and industrialized

A survey of 284 children and youth of the House Adolescent Pinheiros, in Sao Paulo, found that 25% of them were diagnosed with hypertension combined with high dietary sodium intake, despite their age.

We collected data on age, weight, height, BMI (Body Mass Index), blood pressure and reports of food 24 hours prior to filling. The research was done with the records of the public aged between 10 and 17 years.

The data also showed that another 11%, despite being also high sodium intake, hypertension is not developed. The other 64% are with blood pressure and sodium intake within the standards deemed appropriate.

According to the doctor Arlindo Frederick Jr., Health Center of Pinheiros, the observed rate can be considered worrisome because the disease tends to worsen over time and cause complications in early adulthood such as stroke (stroke), myocardial infarction, diabetes, kidney disease and even sudden death.

The refrigerant is one of the great villains in the feeding of children and adolescents, as it has significant concentrations of sodium. The consumption of snacks and prepackaged meals (fast food) and snacks also collaborate with negative indices.

"Our culture is also subject to daily use much more salt than needed in the diet. Excess salt is present in the life of the young from the meals at home to what is consumed in the canteens of schools," says Frederick Junior.

Obesity and overweight may also have contributed to hypertension in adolescents. The problem also aggravated by poor diet, were found in 23% of the records searched.

According to the doctor, on the one hand age may hamper the repair phase of life traditionally critical and questioning the other hand, the metabolism of children and adolescents is more flexible than an adult, which favors the changes.

"It's the best time to initiate changes and prevent the disease from getting worse over time," said the doctor.